DAVID GRANOVSKY

STEM CELLS ARE OUT OF THIS WORLD

In ALL ARTICLES, SCIENCE & STEM CELLS, STEM CELLS IN THE NEWS on July 21, 2014 at 4:38 pm

The potential of stem cells to regrow and/or prevent the deterioration of muscle and bone cells over time when subjected to zero gravity has garnered an enormous amount of interest from NASA and the entire space travel industry.   This has lead NASA to send stem cells into space to be researched in low or zero gravity on the space station.   The findings are extraordinary.  “The team discovered that 64 percent of the proteins found in the stem cells grown in simulated microgravity were not in control samples. In particular, the bioreactor cells contained several proteins involved in the breakdown of bone and in the regulation of calcium, neither type of which were found in stem cells grown in regular, Earth gravity.” 

We’ve know for some time that stem cells are smart and capable of:

  • differentiating into whatever cell types are needed without direction
  • growing every cell in a heart and organizing those cells perfectly into where they need to be
  • retro-differentiate into other cell types after finishing work on a particular organ or tissue type
  • traveling back through the umbilical cord from fetus in womb to mother with heart disease to aid the mother in the healing process
  • and many more incredible capabilities

But those actions took place in the patient’s body where the stem cells are able to read the needs of the body with the help of  numerous cues, messenger cells and the entire physiological road map of the patient to guide them.   Essentially, they have an awesome GPS system and just have to follow the directions they are given on roads the GPS “knows” very well.  Conversely, the astro-stem cells (stem cell-nauts?) are able to grow better in space than on earth and to grow with “space relevant capabilities.”  This is incredible.  Imagine going to space for the first time and knowing intrinsically what to do and further, knowing what to do to help your host body better survive and thrive in the conditions of space.  The astro-stem cells are taking cues from their external environment from factors they have never even been exposed to (unless you adhere to the ancient aliens theories) and modifying their proteins and genetic make up to accommodate for the difference in gravity.

What else can they do? If we assume the stem cells will react to the external cues as well as the internal cues, what other factors will they respond to?  We know they grow better in space and in a hyperbaric chamber; what type of response would they have to being underground, on the ocean or under it (long submarine voyages or sub-oceanic colonization), in the dark (increased optic nerve proliferation?), in radioactive areas (radiation resistance)?  Time will tell.  I would say the sky is the limit but apparently, it’s not.

Are we witnessing evolution?
evo·lu·tion  noun \ˌe-və-ˈlü-shən, ˌē-və-\ biology : a theory that the differences between modern plants and animals are because of changes that happened by a natural process over a very long time.  the process by which changes in plants and animals happen over time, a process of slow change and development

No.  Not evolution.  This is faster than the classic definition of evolution.  This is accelerated and positive mutation as a response to external and internal environmental factors.   This is…adaption, rapid adaption…”  Lending support to my analogy that stem cells are born Marines because “Marines are taught to adapt, improvise, overcome…” via

…and the line between science fiction and science reality grows ever thinner.
– David

Growing-stem-cells-in-space

Growing stem cells in space: Medicine’s next big thing

“When challenged by microgravity, living organisms’ genes can ‘turn on,’ transforming growth. Scientists at Zero Gravity Solutions work to direct cells toward healthier, hardier strains. It’s not genetic engineering, but accelerated hybridization.” via http://www.space.com/21885-stem-cells-in-space-can-solve-plant-and-animal-problems-video.html

Date:
March 31, 2014
Source:
Ivanhoe / Powered by NewsLook.com
Summary:
Currently, treatments for hemorrhagic stroke aim to control swelling but not regeneration of the damaged tissue. Now, researchers are using an out of this world idea to help stroke survivors. Video provided by Ivanhoe

http://www.sciencedaily.com/videos/58f619e8b7a37890f1857c84110e7e91.htm

RELATED/SOURCES:

Welcome to the CASIS Request for Proposals

The Impact of Microgravity on Fundamental Stem Cell Properties:

A Call for Spaceflight and Ground-Based Experiments

– See more at: http://www.iss-casis.org/Opportunities/Solicitations/RFPStemCellsResearch.aspx#sthash.Y6sDtvQa.dpuf

Welcome to the CASIS Request for Proposals

The Impact of Microgravity on Fundamental Stem Cell Properties:

A Call for Spaceflight and Ground-Based Experiments

– See more at: http://www.iss-casis.org/Opportunities/Solicitations/RFPStemCellsResearch.aspx#sthash.Y6sDtvQa.dpuf

 

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